Geminivirus-Mediated Delivery of Florigen Promotes Determinate Growth in Aerial Organs and Uncouples Flowering from Photoperiod in Cotton

Description:

This article discusses geminivirus-mediated delivery of florigen. Florigen acts as a general growth hormone, advancing determinate growth. The findings extend our understanding of florigen as a general growth hormone and could benefit crop management techniques.

Creator(s):
Creation Date: May 2012
Partner(s):
UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Collection(s):
UNT Scholarly Works
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Total Uses: 134
Past 30 days: 7
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Creator (Author):
McGarry, Roisin C.

University of North Texas

Creator (Author):
Ayre, Brian G.

University of North Texas

Publisher Info:
Publisher Name: Public Library of Science
Place of Publication: [San Francisco, California]
Date(s):
  • Creation: May 2012
Description:

This article discusses geminivirus-mediated delivery of florigen. Florigen acts as a general growth hormone, advancing determinate growth. The findings extend our understanding of florigen as a general growth hormone and could benefit crop management techniques.

Degree:
Department: Biological Sciences
Note:

Abstract: Background: Plant architecture and the timing and distribution of reproductive structures are fundamental agronomic traits shaped by patterns of determinate and indeterminate growth. Florigen, encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) in Arabidopsis and SINGLE FLOWER TRUSS (SFT) in tomato, acts as a general growth hormone, advancing determinate growth. Domestication of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) converted it from a lanky photoperiodic perennial to a highly inbred, compact day-neutral plant that is managed as an annual row-crop. This dramatic change in plant architecture provides a unique opportunity to analyze the transition from perennial to annual growth. Methodology/Principle Findings: To explore these architectural changes, the authors addressed the role of day-length upon flowering in an ancestral, perennial accession and in a domesticated variety of cotton. Using a disarmed Cotton leaf crumple virus (CLCrV) as a transient expression system, the authors delivered FT to both cotton accessions. Ectopic expression of FT in ancestral cotton mimicked the effects of day-length, promoting photoperiod-independent flowering, precocious determinate architecture, and lanceolate leaf shape. Domesticated cotton infected with FT demonstrated more synchronized fruiting and enhanced "annualization". Transient expression of FT also facilitated simple crosses between wild photoperiodic and domesticated day-neutral accessions, effectively demonstrating a mechanism to increase genetic diversity among cultivated lines of cotton. Virus was not detected in the F₁ progeny, indicating that crosses made by this approach do not harbor recombinant DNA molecules. Conclusions: These findings extend our understanding of FT as a general growth hormone that regulates shoot architecture by advancing organ-specific and age-related determinate growth. Judicious manipulation of FT could benefit cotton architecture to improve crop management.

Physical Description:

10 p.

Language(s):
Subject(s):
Keyword(s): Flowering Locus T | Single Flower Truss | plant architecture | genetic diversity
Source: PLoS One, 2012, San Francisco: Public Library of Science
Partner:
UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Collection:
UNT Scholarly Works
Identifier:
  • ARK: ark:/67531/metadc102285
Resource Type: Article
Format: Text
Rights:
Access: Public
Citation:
Publication Title: PLoS One
Volume: 7
Issue: 5
Peer Reviewed: Yes