Ecological theory and values in the determination of conservation goals: examples from temperate regions of Germany, United States of America, and Chile

Description:

This article discusses ecological theory and values in the determination of conservation goals, as well as the interdisciplinary and interagency cooperation required for the success of conservation work.

Creator(s):
Creation Date: 2004
Partner(s):
UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Collection(s):
UNT Scholarly Works
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Creator (Author):
Jax, Kurt, 1958-

Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig-Halle; Universidad de Magallanes

Creator (Author):
Rozzi, Ricardo, 1960-

University of North Texas; Universidad de Magallanes

Publisher Info:
Place of Publication: [Santiago, Chile]
Date(s):
  • Creation: 2004
Description:

This article discusses ecological theory and values in the determination of conservation goals, as well as the interdisciplinary and interagency cooperation required for the success of conservation work.

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Note:

Abstract: The definition of conservation goals is a complex task, which involves both ecological sciences and social values. A brief history of conservation strategies in Germany (protection of cultural landscapes), United States (wilderness ideal), and southern Chile (preservation paradigm and the more recent interest in ecotourism) illustrates a broad range of conservation goals. To encompass such an array of conservation dimensions and goals, the ecosystem approach adopted by the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity represents a good approach. However, to become effective, this kind of approach requires clarifying and agreeing upon basic concepts, such as ecosystem. To serve that purpose, the authors present a scheme that considers the selected phenomena, internal relationship, and the component resolution to define an ecosystem. The authors conclude that: (1) conservation traditions encompass interests in the preservation of both natural and cultural heritages, which also appear as mutually dependent dimensions. Hence, nature and humans are brought together as much in the goals as in the processes of conservation. (2) In the context of current global change, it is impossible to completely "isolate" protected areas from direct or indirect human influences. In addition, the current view of nature points out that biota and ecosystems will change over time, even in protected areas. Hence, in order to preserve species or habitats it is not enough to isolate protected areas, but it often requires active management and conservation actions. The two former conclusions suggest the need to revise the conservation approach that has been undertaken in the southern region of Chile, because (a) local people have been systematically excluded from protected areas, and (b) these areas lack personnel and facilities to conduct appropriate conservation and/or management programs. (3) Our analyses of the views of nature and conservation goals in different regions and/or historical moments demonstrate that these involve not only scientific criteria, but also philosophical, political and broader cultural, social and economic dimensions. Hence, effective conservation requires a greater degree of interdisciplinary and interagency cooperation.

Physical Description:

18 p.

Language(s):
Subject(s):
Keyword(s): conservation | comparative approaches | ecological theories | Chile | ecotourism | ecosystem management | Germany | images of nature | Magellan region | social values | Yellowstone
Source: Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, 2004, Santiago: Sociedad de Biología de Chile, pp. 349-366
Series Title: Sub-Antarctic Biocultural Conservation Program
Partner:
UNT College of Arts and Sciences
Collection:
UNT Scholarly Works
Identifier:
  • ARK: ark:/67531/metadc102284
Resource Type: Article
Format: Text
Rights:
Access: Public
Citation:
Publication Title: Revista Chilena de Historia Natural
Volume: 77
Page Start: 349
Page End: 366
Peer Reviewed: Yes