Farm Labor: The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Description:

American agricultural employers have long utilized foreign workers on a
temporary basis, regarding them as an important labor resource. At the same time,
the relatively low wages and adverse working conditions of such workers have
caused them to be viewed as a threat to domestic American workers. Some have
argued that foreign guest workers compete unfairly with U.S. workers — both in
terms of compensation that they are willing to accept and by making it somewhat
more difficult for domestic workers to organize and to bargain with management.
To mitigate any “adverse effect”for the domestic workforce, a system of wage
floors was developed that applies, variously, both to alien and citizen workers: i.e.,
the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR).
This report deals with one element of immigration (i.e., namely the H-2A
workers). It introduces the adverse effect wage rate, it examines the concerns out of
which it grew, and it explains at least some of the problems that have been
encountered in giving it effect.

Creator(s): Whittaker, William G
Location(s): United States
Creation Date: April 14, 2005
Partner(s):
UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collection(s):
Congressional Research Service Reports
Usage:
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Past 30 days: 1
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Creator (Author):
Whittaker, William G

Specialist in Labor Economics

Publisher Info:
Place of Publication: Washington D.C.
Date(s):
  • Creation: April 14, 2005
Coverage:
Place
United States
Description:

American agricultural employers have long utilized foreign workers on a
temporary basis, regarding them as an important labor resource. At the same time,
the relatively low wages and adverse working conditions of such workers have
caused them to be viewed as a threat to domestic American workers. Some have
argued that foreign guest workers compete unfairly with U.S. workers — both in
terms of compensation that they are willing to accept and by making it somewhat
more difficult for domestic workers to organize and to bargain with management.
To mitigate any “adverse effect”for the domestic workforce, a system of wage
floors was developed that applies, variously, both to alien and citizen workers: i.e.,
the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR).
This report deals with one element of immigration (i.e., namely the H-2A
workers). It introduces the adverse effect wage rate, it examines the concerns out of
which it grew, and it explains at least some of the problems that have been
encountered in giving it effect.

Physical Description:

10 Pages.

Language(s):
Subject(s):
Partner:
UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collection:
Congressional Research Service Reports
Identifier:
Resource Type: Report
Format: Text