The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

Description:

The Iran Nonproliferation Act (P.L. 106-178), as originally enacted, prohibited the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from purchasing Russian
goods and services for the U.S.-led International Space Station (ISS) unless the
President certified that Russia was not proliferating certain technologies to Iran. On July
12, 2005, the Bush Administration submitted to Congress an amendment to allow
NASA to purchase goods and services from Russia to support the ISS. That presented
a classic policy dilemma. Without access to Russian spacecraft, the U.S. use of the ISS
could be extremely limited. Yet Russian entities were continuing proliferation activities
relating to missile proliferation according to the Department of State. This report
explains the Bush Administration proposal and resulting congressional action.

Creator(s):
Location(s): Iran
Creation Date: December 5, 2005
Partner(s):
UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collection(s):
Congressional Research Service Reports
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Creator (Author):
Smith, Marcia S.

Congressional Research Service

Creator (Author):
Squassoni, Sharon

Congressional Research Service

Publisher Info:
Place of Publication: Washington D.C.
Date(s):
  • Creation: December 5, 2005
Coverage:
Place
Iran
Description:

The Iran Nonproliferation Act (P.L. 106-178), as originally enacted, prohibited the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from purchasing Russian
goods and services for the U.S.-led International Space Station (ISS) unless the
President certified that Russia was not proliferating certain technologies to Iran. On July
12, 2005, the Bush Administration submitted to Congress an amendment to allow
NASA to purchase goods and services from Russia to support the ISS. That presented
a classic policy dilemma. Without access to Russian spacecraft, the U.S. use of the ISS
could be extremely limited. Yet Russian entities were continuing proliferation activities
relating to missile proliferation according to the Department of State. This report
explains the Bush Administration proposal and resulting congressional action.

Physical Description:

6 Pages.

Language(s):
Subject(s):
Partner:
UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collection:
Congressional Research Service Reports
Identifier:
Resource Type: Report
Format: Text
Rights:
Access: Public