The Iran Nonproliferation Act and the International Space Station: Issues and Options

Description:

The Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA) was enacted to help stop foreign
transfers to Iran of weapons of mass destruction, missile technology, and advanced
conventional weapons technology, particularly from Russia. Section 6 of the INA bans
U.S. payments to Russia in connection with the International Space Station (ISS) unless
the U.S. President determines that Russia is taking steps to prevent such proliferation.
The ISS is currently under construction in orbit. According to current plans, the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will become dependent on Russia for
certain ISS crew-related services beginning in April 2006 for which NASA must pay.
Thus, the INA could significantly affect U.S. utilization of ISS. This report outlines the
history of INA, its effect on Russian and Iranian proliferation, its impact on the ISS
program, and options for resolving associated issues.

Creator(s):
Location(s): Iran
Creation Date: March 2, 2005
Partner(s):
UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collection(s):
Congressional Research Service Reports
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Creator (Author):
Squassoni, Sharon

Congressional Research Service

Creator (Author):
Smith, Marcia S.

Congressional Research Service

Publisher Info:
Place of Publication: Washington D.C.
Date(s):
  • Creation: March 2, 2005
Coverage:
Place
Iran
Description:

The Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA) was enacted to help stop foreign
transfers to Iran of weapons of mass destruction, missile technology, and advanced
conventional weapons technology, particularly from Russia. Section 6 of the INA bans
U.S. payments to Russia in connection with the International Space Station (ISS) unless
the U.S. President determines that Russia is taking steps to prevent such proliferation.
The ISS is currently under construction in orbit. According to current plans, the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will become dependent on Russia for
certain ISS crew-related services beginning in April 2006 for which NASA must pay.
Thus, the INA could significantly affect U.S. utilization of ISS. This report outlines the
history of INA, its effect on Russian and Iranian proliferation, its impact on the ISS
program, and options for resolving associated issues.

Physical Description:

6 Pages.

Language(s):
Subject(s):
Partner:
UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collection:
Congressional Research Service Reports
Identifier:
Resource Type: Report
Format: Text